Aid Volatility and Dutch Disease; Is There a Role for Macroeconomic Policies?
Thierry Tressel () and
No 06/145, IMF Working Papers from International Monetary Fund
This paper studies how macroeconomic policies can help offset two unintended and undesirable features of foreign aid: its volatility and Dutch disease. We present evidence that aid volatility augments trade balance volatility and that foreign aid, with the important exception of years of adverse shocks, depresses exports. We also find that these effects can be mitigated through changes in net domestic assets of the central bank-a variable that reflects both monetary and fiscal policy. To characterize the optimal policy, we develop a general equilibrium model in which the capital account is closed and aid influences productivity growth through positive (public expenditure) and negative (Dutch disease) externalities. In this setting, macroeconomic policies permanently affect real variables and can improve welfare if donors do not distribute foreign aid optimally over time.
Keywords: Balance of trade; Development assistance; Dutch disease; Real effective exchange rates; Foreign aid; Monetary policy; Aid effectiveness, real exchange rate, central bank, current account, money demand, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, Fiscal and Monetary Policy in Development, Economic Growth And Aggregate Productivity, (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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