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A Formal Model of Optimum Currency Areas

Tamim Bayoumi

No 94/42, IMF Working Papers from International Monetary Fund

Abstract: A model of optimum currency areas is presented using a general equilibrium model with regionally differentiated goods. The choice of a currency union depends upon the size of the underlying disturbances, the correlation between these disturbances, the costs of transactions across currencies, factor mobility across regions, and the interrelationships between demand for different goods. It is found that, while a currency union can raise the welfare of the regions within the union, it unambiguously lowers welfare for those outside the union.

Keywords: Monetary unions; exchange rate, currency areas, optimum currency areas, transactions costs, currency unions (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 1994-04-01
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Journal Article: A Formal Model of Optimum Currency Areas (1994) Downloads
Working Paper: A Formal Model of Optimum Currency Areas (1994) Downloads
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