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Cluster Analysis in Human Development of Visegrad Group Plus Countries

Ingrid Majerová () and Jan Nevima ()
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Jan Nevima: Departament of Economics and Public Administration, School of Business Administration, Silesian University

No 31, Working Papers from Silesian University, School of Business Administration

Abstract: Human Development Index measures the level of human development not only by GDP per capita, but also trough the indicators of education and healthy life. The differences in the level of human development are observed not only at the national level, they are also measured at the regional level of countries. The aim of this article is, with the quantification of regional human development, to describe the potential for human development using cluster analysis at the regional level. The 46 regions of the Visegrad Group Plus countries (Czech Republic, Poland, Hungary, Slovakia, Austria and Slovenia) at NUTS II level were selected for this purpose. The research was made in the period from 2004 to 2013. In the selection of indicators, the same approaches as by the HDI were adopted, however the components of each dimension were modified. Life expectancy at birth (dimension of health), tertiary educated people and lifelong learning (dimension of education) and GDP per capita in PPS (dimension of living standards) have been chosen as indicators of human development. These components were than used in a hierarchy cluster analysis in the Ward method. Three clusters were created with different levels of potential. Initially, a research hypothesis that there was a dynamization of human development processes in most regions has been set. This hypothesis was not confirmed and it was found that a vast majority of the regions have not changed their positions in the cluster in the monitored period.

Keywords: cluster analysis; GDP per capita; human development; life expectancy at birth; lifelong education; NUTS II regions; tertiary education; Visegrad Group Plus. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O15 I31 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-sbm and nep-tra
Date: 2016-07-29
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