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Rural Nonfarm Employment Under Trade Reform Evidence From Vietnam, 1993-2002

Hung Pham ()

No 35, PRUS Working Papers from Poverty Research Unit at Sussex, University of Sussex

Abstract: Vietnam?s rural economy has substantially diversified over the past two decades. The rural nonfarm sector has grown rapidly and became an important source of employment and income for rural households. This growing nonfarm employment was associated with radical changes in the trade policy reform that has put the country to the top two or three performers in the developing world. This paper examines the potential effect of the trade policy reform on nonfarm employment in rural Vietnam during the period 1993-2002. It proposes two trade openness indices that allow changes in the trade policy at the macro level to be transmitted to rural households. The results reveal that the trade policy reform does have a material impact on rural nonfarm employment. While a more liberalized agricultural sector encourages nonfarm diversification, a lower protection level in the nonfarm sector discourages individual participation in nonfarm income-generating activities.

Keywords: Trade liberalization; trade policy reform; rural nonfarm employment; Vietnam (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F13 F16 J21 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 39 pages
Date: 2007-01
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-agr, nep-dev, nep-int and nep-tra
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