Poverty In Britain In 1904: An Early Social Survey Rediscovered
Ian Gazeley and
No 38, PRUS Working Papers from Poverty Research Unit at Sussex, University of Sussex
Until now there have been no national estimates of the extent of poverty in Britain at the turn of the 20th century. This paper introduces a newly-discovered household budget data set for the early 1900s that is more representative of urban working households in Britain in the period than any other existing record, although not without deficiencies. We use these data to estimate urban poverty among working families in the British Isles in 1904. Applying Bowley’s poverty line we find that about fifteen percent of people in urban working class households had income insufficient to meet minimum needs. This is close to Rowntree’s estimate of primary poverty for York 1899 and in the range that Bowley found in Northern towns in 1912-3. This average masks a heavy concentration of poverty among the unskilled and those with large families.
Keywords: Inequality; Poverty; Household Data; Great Britain (search for similar items in EconPapers)
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (5) Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
Our link check indicates that this URL is bad, the error code is: 404 Not Found
Working Paper: Poverty in Britain in 1904: An Early Social Survey Rediscovered (2007)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:pru:wpaper:38
Access Statistics for this paper
More papers in PRUS Working Papers from Poverty Research Unit at Sussex, University of Sussex Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Alvaro Herrera ( this e-mail address is bad, please contact ).