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The Effect of Land Restitution on Poverty Reduction Among the Khomani San "Bushmen" in South Africa

Johane Dikgang and Edwin Muchapondwa
Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Edwin Muchapondwa () and Johane Dikgang

No 352, Working Papers from Economic Research Southern Africa

Abstract: This paper looks at the impact of land restitution involving the Khomani San "bushmen" in the Kgalagadi area of South Africa. It seeks to test whether there is a positive correlation between land restitution and poverty reduction among the beneficiaries. We run instrumental variable probit models on poverty and access to nature. Our results suggest that using restituted land by the claimants’ has no positive effect on poverty alleviation. However, a positive link with greater access to nature is established. Therefore, land restitution should become part of a broader, carefully crafted rural developmental strategy for it to be effective. Otherwise land restitution risks enabling indigenous communities to continue with their "traditional" way of life and, in fact, keep them poor.

Keywords: Access to nature; Instrumental variable; Khomani San; Land restitution; poverty (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 22 pages
Date: 2013
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-afr, nep-agr and nep-dev
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Related works:
Journal Article: The Effect of Land Restitution on Poverty Reduction among the Khomani San “Bushmen” in South Africa (2016) Downloads
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:rza:wpaper:352

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