Education and Fertility: Panel Time-Series Evidence from Southern Africa
No 431, Working Papers from Economic Research Southern Africa
In this paper I investigate whether secondary school enrollment has played any role on total fertility rates in all fififteen countries of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) between 1980 and 2009. The evidence, based on panel time-series analysis (I make use of the Pooled OLS, Fixed Effects, Common Correlated Effects and Fixed Effects with Instrumental Variables estimators), robustly suggest that education has reduced fertility rates in the community, or that the community is already trading-oÂ¤ quantity for quality of children. The results are important because lower fertility, caused by education, implies more capital per worker, higher productivity and therefore higher growth rates, and also because in accordance to the unified growth theory they suggest that southern Africa is experiencing its own transition from the Malthusian regime into sustained modern growth.
Keywords: Education; Fertility; Africa (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I20 J13 O55 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 28 pages
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-afr and nep-gro
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Working Paper: Education and Fertility: Panel Time-Series Evidence from Southern Africa (2014)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:rza:wpaper:431
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