The effects of terrorism, crime and corruption on tourist arrivals
Maria Santa-Gallego, Jaume Rosello-Nadal and Johan Fourie
Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Jaume Rossello (),
Maria Santana Gallego () and
Johan Fourie ()
No 595, Working Papers from Economic Research Southern Africa
This article examines the effect of terrorism, crime and corruption on tourist arrivals for 171 countries for the period 1995â€“2013. We apply two types of analysis: a tourism demand model and a disaggregation of tourism arrivals by origin. The findings of the tourism demand model are that terrorism and crime have a negative effect on tourist arrivals but that corruption has no effect; that the effects of terrorism and crime are greater for leisure tourism than for business tourism but that corruption affects only business tourism; and that the effects of terrorism, crime and corruption depend on the attractiveness of the destination country and its level of development. The data on tourist arrivals disaggregated by origin are used to study the effects of instability in the destination and the origin country and to compare the instability measures of the two countries. Here the findings are that terrorism, crime and corruption in the destination country have a negative effect on inbound tourism but that instability in the origin country has no clear effect on tourist departures; and that tourists from stable countries prefer travelling to countries with the same stability but tourists from unstable countries are more tolerant of crime, terrorism and corruption in the destination country.
Keywords: terrorism; crime; corruption; international tourism; gravity model (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 26 pages
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-pke and nep-tur
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:rza:wpaper:595
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