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Private Schools and Student Learning Achievements in Kenya

Fredrick Wamalwa () and Justine Burns

No 689, Working Papers from Economic Research Southern Africa

Abstract: This papers examines the effect of private schools on literacy and numeracy skill acquisition among children mainly drawn from lower primary grades in Kenya. We apply a number of estimation approaches that accounts for endogeneity of school choice. We begin with the OLS, as a baseline model. We then estimate the household fxed effects (FE) model to control for unobservables at the household level. We supplement the OLS and FE models with the propensity score matching (PSM) technique. We find a significant private school advantage throughout these methodologies. However, assessing the impact of omitted variable bias (OVB) on the estimated coefficient of private school effect, we find that the bias in the household FE is quite small in magnitude relative to other estimation techniques. Sinc private schooling decision is made at the household level, it is likely that a substantial part of the unobservable component is pertaining to the household.

Keywords: Private schools; household fixed effects; Kenya (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I21 P46 C21 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dev and nep-ure
Date: 2017-06
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Journal Article: Private schools and student learning achievements in Kenya (2018) Downloads
Working Paper: Private Schools and Student Learning Achievements in Kenya (2017) Downloads
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