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The Local Environment Shapes Refugee Integration: Evidence from Post-war Germany

Sebastian Till Braun () and Nadja Dwenger
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Sebastian Till Braun: University of Bayreuth

No 201711, Discussion Paper Series, School of Economics and Finance from School of Economics and Finance, University of St Andrews

Abstract: This paper studies how the local environment in receiving counties affected the economic, social, and political integration of the eight million expellees who arrived in West Germany after World War II. We first document that integration outcomes differed dramatically across West German counties. We then show that more industrialized counties and counties with low expellee inflows were much more successful in integrating expellees than agrarian counties and counties with high inflows. Religious differences between native West Germans and expellees had no effect on labor market outcomes, but reduced inter-marriage rates and increased the local support for anti-expellee parties.

Keywords: Expellees; Forced migration; Immigration; Integration; Post-War Germany (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J15 J61 N34 C36 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-his, nep-lab, nep-mig and nep-ure
Date: 2017-05-30, Revised 2018-09-11
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