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Indirect Effects of a Policy Altering Criminal Behavior: Evidence from the Italian Prison Experiment

Francesco Drago and Roberto Galbiati

Sciences Po publications from Sciences Po

Abstract: We exploit the 2006 Italian prison pardon to evaluate peer effects in criminal behavior. The pardon randomly commutes actual sentences to expected sentences for 40 percent of the Italian prison population. Using prison and geographical origin to construct reference groups for former inmates, we find large indirect effects of this policy. In particular, we find that the reduction in the individuals' recidivism due to an increase in their peers' residual sentence is at least as large as their response to an increase in their own residual sentence. From this result we estimate a social multiplier in crime of two.

Date: 2012-04
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Published in American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, 2012, vol. 4, pp.199-218

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Journal Article: Indirect Effects of a Policy Altering Criminal Behavior: Evidence from the Italian Prison Experiment (2012) Downloads
Working Paper: Indirect Effects of a Policy Altering Criminal Behavior: Evidence from the Italian Prison Experiment (2012)
Working Paper: Indirect Effects of a Policy Altering Criminal Behavior: Evidence from the Italian Prison Experiment (2012)
Working Paper: Indirect Effects of a Policy Altering Criminal Behaviour: Evidence from the Italian Prison Experiment (2010) Downloads
Working Paper: Indirect Effects of a Policy Altering Criminal Behaviour: Evidence from the Italian Prison Experiment (2010) Downloads
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