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The Boko Haram conflict and food insecurity: does resilience capacity matter?

George Agwu

Working Papers from CATT - UPPA - Université de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour

Abstract: Drawing from a robust identication strategy and household panel data collected before and after exposure to the Boko Haram civil conflict, this paper addresses the question of whether or not resilience capacity is an important factor in the mitigation of households risks of food insecurity in the presence of shocks. Under non-parametric difference-in-differences framework, the paper at first identifies that the shocks actively erode household food security. Ignoring the roles of resilience capacity, the basic estimates indicate that exposure to the conflict is associated with significant downward movements in all the three dimensions of food security considered. At the second, further analyses underscore resilience capacity as an active mediator of the shocks and quantifies the roles of overall resilience capacity and its various pillars. However, the processes dissipate substantial amount of resilience, thereby weakening households long-run potential to withstand shocks. The results are prescriptively unchanged after adjusting operating spatial distance of exposure or switching measure of conflict exposure to conflict intensity represented as battle fatalities. These estimates bear out the various hypotheses of the resilience approach to sustainable development. Accordingly, the main recommendation is that conflict intervention programmes focus on rebuilding resilience that might restore households ability to overcome present and future shocks.

Keywords: Boko Haram; Conflict; Food security; Resilience; Nigeria (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D12 I30 I32 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 37 pages
Date: 2020-07, Revised 2020-07
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