Agriculture and Trade Opportunities for Tanzania: Past Volatility and Future Climate Change
Thomas Hertel () and
Will Martin ()
No 91, WIDER Working Paper Series from World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER)
Given global heterogeneity in climate-induced agricultural variability, Tanzania has the potential to substantially increase its maize exports to other countries. If global maize production is lower than usual due to supply shocks in major exporting regions, Tanzania may be able to export more maize at higher prices, even if it also experiences below-trend productivity. Diverse destinations for exports can allow for enhanced trading opportunities when negative supply shocks affect the partnersâ.. usual import sources. Future climate predictions suggest that some of Tanzaniaâ..s trading partners will experience severe dry conditions that may reduce agricultural production in years when Tanzania is only mildly affected. Tanzania could thus export grain to countries as climate change increases the likelihood of severe precipitation deficits in other countries while simultaneously decreasing the likelihood of severe precipitation deficits in Tanzania. Trade restrictions, like export bans, prevent Tanzania from taking advantage of these opportunities, foregoing significant economic benefits.
Keywords: climate change; volatility; Tanzania; trade; export ban; agriculture (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-afr, nep-agr and nep-env
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Journal Article: Agriculture and Trade Opportunities for Tanzania: Past Volatility and Future Climate Change (2012)
Working Paper: Agriculture and trade opportunities for Tanzania: past volatility and future climate change (2012)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:unu:wpaper:wp2011-91
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