Wage growth and inequality in urban China: 1988–2013
Gustafsson Björn and
No 163, WIDER Working Paper Series from World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER)
We investigate the evolution of wage levels, wage inequality, and wage determinants among urban residents in China using China Household Income Project data from 1988, 1995, 2002, 2007, and 2013.Average wage grew impressively between each pair of years. Wage inequality had long been on the increase, but between 2007 and 2013 no clear changes occurred. In 1988, age and wages were positively related throughout working life, but more recently older workersâ€™ wages have been lower than those of middle-aged workers.The relationship between education and wages was weak in 1988 but strengthened rapidly thereafterâ€”a process that came to a halt in 2007. During the period in which China was a planned economy the gender wage gap was small in urban China, but it widened rapidly between 1995 and 2007.We also report the existence of a premium for being employed in a foreign-owned firm or in the state sector.
Keywords: Income inequality; Labour market; Wage function; Wage growth; Wages (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-bec, nep-cna, nep-ltv and nep-tra
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
http://www.wider.unu.edu/sites/default/files/Publi ... r/PDF/wp2018-163.pdf
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:unu:wpaper:wp2018-163
Access Statistics for this paper
More papers in WIDER Working Paper Series from World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER) Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Mauricio Roa Grisales ().