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Women legislators and economic performance

Thushyanthan Baskaran (), Sonia Bhalotra, Brian Min and Yogesh Uppal

No 47, WIDER Working Paper Series from World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER)

Abstract: There has been a phenomenal global increase in the proportion of women in politics in the last 20 years. While there is evidence that raising the share of women politicians has substantive impacts on the composition of government spending, there is scarcely any evidence of how it influences economic performance. We investigate this using comprehensive data on competitive elections to India's state legislative assemblies, exploiting close elections between men and women to isolate the causal effect of legislator gender in a regression discontinuity design. We identify significantly higher growth in economic activity in constituencies that elect women. Probing mechanisms, we find evidence that women legislators are less likely to be criminal and corrupt, more efficacious, and less vulnerable to political opportunism. We find no evidence of negative spillovers to neighbouring (male-led) constituencies, consistent with net growth.

Keywords: Economic growth; political representation; women legislators; Corruption (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-pol
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