Early life shocks and mental health: The long-term effect of war in Vietnam
Saurabh Singhal ()
No 65, WIDER Working Paper Series from World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER)
This paper provides causal evidence on early-life exposure to war on mental health status in adulthood. Using an instrumental variable strategy, the evidence indicates that early-life exposure to bombing during the American war in Vietnam has long-term effects.A one percent increase in bombing intensity during 1965â€“75 increases the likelihood of severe mental distress in adulthood by 16 percentage points (or approximately 50 percent of the mean) and this result is robust to a variety of sensitivity checks. The negative effects of war are similar for both men and women. These findings add to the evidence on the enduring consequences of conflict and identify a critical area for policy intervention.
Keywords: Conflict; Health outcomes; Mental health; War (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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