Horizontal inequality as a dependent variable
Canelas Carla and
No 70, WIDER Working Paper Series from World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER)
A considerable body of research suggests that horizontal inequality between ethnic groups has major socioeconomic implications, in particular for peace and economic development. Much of this work focuses on horizontal inequality as an independent causal variable, rather than an outcome of various processes.In this paper we offer conceptual, theoretical, and empirical reasons for treating horizontal inequality as a dependent variable and challenging assumptions of fixity. We first consider explanations for variation drawing on the literature on horizontal inequality, as well as on ethnicity more broadly. We then explore how horizontal inequality can be measured using survey and census data and present analyses based on two datasets providing information on inequality in terms of educational attainment (HI-E) for the period 1960sâ€“2000s.These data suggest both a general trend towards decline in HI-E over time and considerable regional variation. This paper serves also to introduce and frame the contributions to this special section, each of which speaks to horizontal inequality in a particular country and provides a focused lookâ€”using survey and census dataâ€”into patterns, trends, correlates, and implications of horizontal inequality at sub-national levels.
Keywords: Ethnic group; Ethnic inequality; Group-based inequality; Horizontal inequality (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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