EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

A comparative study of returns to education of urban men in Egypt, Iran, and Turkey

Djavad Salehi-Isfahani (), Insan Tunali and Ragui Assaad ()

Working Papers from Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Department of Economics

Abstract: This paper presents a comparative study of private returns to schooling of urban men in Egypt, Iran, and Turkey using similar survey data and a uniform methodology. We employ three surveys for each country that span nearly two decades, from the 1980s to 2006, and, to increase the comparability of the estimates across surveys, we focus on urban men 20-54 years old and in full time wage and salary employment. Our aim is to learn how the monetary signals of rewards that guide individual decisions to invest in education are shaped by the institutions of education and labor markets in these countries. Our estimates generally support the stylized facts of the institutions of education and labor markets in Middle Eastern countries. Their labor markets have been described as dominated by the public sector and therefore relatively inflexible, and their education systems as more focused on secondary and tertiary degrees than teaching practical and productive skills. Returns in all countries are increasing in years of schooling, which is contrary to the Mincer assumption of linear returns but consistent with overemphasis on secondary and tertiary degrees. Low returns to vocational training relative to general upper secondary, which have been observed in many developing countries, are observed in Egypt and Iran, but not Turkey. This pattern of returns across countries seems to correspond to how students are selected into vocational and general upper secondary tracks, which is an important part of the education institutions of these countries, and the fact that Turkey’s economy is more open than the other two. Greater competitiveness in all three countries over time seems to have increased returns to university education and in few cases to vocational education, but not to general high school.

Keywords: Egypt; Iran; Turkey; returns to education; Mincer equation; labor market institutions; education institutions; labor market flexibility (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ara, nep-cwa, nep-edu, nep-hrm and nep-lab
Date: 2009
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (27) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
ftp://repec.econ.vt.edu/Papers/Tsang/CTT.pdf First version, 2007 (application/pdf)
Our link check indicates that this URL is bad, the error code is: 500 Failed to connect to FTP server repec.econ.vt.edu: A connection attempt failed because the connected party did not properly respond after a period of time, or established connection failed because connected host has failed to respond.

Related works:
Journal Article: A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF RETURNS TO EDUCATION OF URBAN MEN IN EGYPT, IRAN, AND TURKEY (2009) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:vpi:wpaper:e07-17

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in Working Papers from Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Department of Economics Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Djavad Salehi-Isfahani ().

 
Page updated 2019-10-12
Handle: RePEc:vpi:wpaper:e07-17