Estimating Firm-Level Effective Tax Rates and the User Cost of Capital in New Zealand
Norman Gemmell (),
Richard Kneller () and
No 2854, Working Paper Series from Victoria University of Wellington, Chair in Public Finance
Effective marginal tax rates can be very different from the statutory rate and vary across firms, reflecting such factors as the extent and nature of taxable deductions (losses, depreciation), asset and ownership structures, and debt/equity financing. We estimate firm-specific EMTRs and related user cost of capital (UCC) measures allowing for shareholder-level taxation using data for 2000-2010 from the Longitudinal Business Database. Examining distributions of various UCC measures we find substantial firm-level heterogeneity; systematic changes as a result of tax reforms between 2004 and 2011; and systematic differences between foreignowned and domestically-owned firms. Choices among alternative UCC measures make a difference to interpretations.
Keywords: Tax rates; Taxable deductions; Companies (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:vuw:vuwcpf:2854
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