Are There Missing Girls in the United States? Evidence from Birth Data
American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, 2009, vol. 1, issue 2, pages 1-34
We offer evidence of gender selection within the United States. Analysis of comprehensive birth data shows unusually high boy-birth percentages after 1980 among later children (most notably third and fourth children) born to Chinese and Asian Indian mothers. Based upon linked data from California, Asian Indian mothers are found to be significantly more likely to have a terminated pregnancy and to give birth to a boy when they have previously only given birth to girls. The observed boy-birth percentages are consistent with over 2,000 "missing" Chinese and Indian girls in the United States between 1991 and 2004. (JEL J11, J16)
JEL-codes: J11 J16 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Note: DOI: 10.1257/app.1.2.1
References: View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations View citations in EconPapers (34) Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
Access to full text is restricted to AEA members and institutional subscribers.
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: http://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:aea:aejapp:v:1:y:2009:i:2:p:1-34
Ordering information: This journal article can be ordered from
Access Statistics for this article
American Economic Journal: Applied Economics is currently edited by Esther Duflo
More articles in American Economic Journal: Applied Economics from American Economic Association Contact information at EDIRC.
Series data maintained by Jane Voros ().