The number of people engaging in some type of 'atypical' employment in West Germany has increased considerably in recent years, as it has in most other Western European countries. We have found that disadvantages in terms of working conditions, incomes and social protection tend to coumulate within certain categories of 'atypical' work, namely 'marginal' part-time and short-term temporary job arrangements. In the medium and long term the relative precariousness of 'atypical' employment depends largely on the duration of the 'atypical' work and the possibilities of transition into 'regular' employment. However, all part-time employment in likely to result in very low pension benefits, which, given the context of increasing marital instability, must leave some workers in a very 'precarious' position. Copyright 1990 by Oxford University Press.
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