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Predicting Jewish-Israeli Recognition of Palestinian Pain and Suffering

Rotem Nagar and Ifat Maoz

Journal of Conflict Resolution, 2017, vol. 61, issue 2, pages 372-397

Abstract: Recognition is vital for conflict resolution. This study was designed to learn more about the factors underlying the willingness to recognize the pain and suffering of the opponent in the asymmetrical protracted conflict between Israelis and Palestinians. Data were collected through a public opinion survey conducted with a representative sample of Israeli-Jewish adults ( N = 511). Perceptions of threat/distrust toward Palestinians and dehumanization of Palestinians each made a significant contribution to explaining Jewish-Israeli (un)willingness to recognize Palestinian pain and suffering ( R 2 = .36). Hawkishness made an added significant contribution to the overall explanatory power of the model ( R 2 = .38). Higher scores on the threat/distrust scale and the dehumanization scale, as well as higher hawkishness predicted decreased willingness to recognize Palestinian pain and suffering. The implications of our findings for understanding the role of recognition and of moral concern in conflict resolution are discussed.

Keywords: recognition; threat; distrust; dehumanization; protracted conflict; the Israeli–Palestinian conflict; asymmetric conflict; conflict resolution; public opinion; moral concern; pain and suffering (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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