The first statutory regulatory body that the government of India set up post the reforms of 1991 was the Securities and Exchanges Board of India (SEBI). As a regulator for the securities markets, SEBI was given the powers to create subordinate legislation and to investigate wrong-doing and impose relevant penalties. In this paper, we examine and describe the legal processes at SEBI with a focus on the enforcement process, particularly on the quasi-judicial functions. We make an attempt to lay out the principles that ought to drive such functions in a regulatory body, against which we compare the current workings at SEBI. We propose a series of improvements through which the rule of law could be further strengthened.