The Motherhood Wage Penalty in a Mediterranean Country: The Case of Spain
José Alberto Molina () and
Victor Montuenga ()
Documentos de Trabajo from Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales, Universidad de Zaragoza
We present evidence for the motherhood wage penalty in Spain as a representative Southern European Mediterranean country. We use the the European Community Household Panel (ECHP, 1994-2001) to estimate, from both pool and fixed-effects methods, a wage equation in terms of observed variables and other non-observed individual characteristics. The empirical results confirm that there is clear evidence of a wage penalty for Spanish working-women with children. Specifically, the fact that there is a birth in the family during the current year means that the woman loses 9% of her wage. We also find that, having one child living in the household means a significant loss in wages of 6%, having two children, almost 14% and having three or more, more than 15%.
Keywords: Fixed-effects estimation; Motherhood wage penalty; Spain (search for similar items in EconPapers)
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations View citations in EconPapers (2) Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
Working Paper: The Motherhood Wage Penalty in a Mediterranean Country: The Case of Spain (2008)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: http://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:zar:wpaper:dt2008-02
Access Statistics for this paper
More papers in Documentos de Trabajo from Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales, Universidad de Zaragoza Contact information at EDIRC.
Series data maintained by Vicente Pinilla ().