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History of Coalitions in Pakistan (1947 To 1973) and the Factors Shaping it

Muhammad Qasim and Ahmad Ali
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Muhammad Qasim: PhD Scholar, Department of Political Science, University of Peshawar, Peshawar, KP, Pakistan.
Ahmad Ali: Lecturer, Department of Higher Education Peshawar,KP, Pakistan.

Global Political Review, 2019, vol. 4, issue 4, 19-28

Abstract: A political alliance is a temporary combination of groups or individuals formed to pursue specific objectives through joint action. Pluralist democracies are characterized by alliances and coalitions by diverse political parties. Political parties, desiring to exercise powers in democracies having parliamentary setups, naturally have to come in coalition with the major political party in parliament. Political parties sometimes make preelection alliances while some make coalitions in the post-election era with the ruling party. Alliance political culture has deep-rooted impacts on Pakistani politics. These alliances gave tough times to military dictators throughout the history of Pakistan and contributed towards strengthening democracy in Pakistan. For instance, Pakistan Democratic Movement (PDM) was formed on 30th April 1967against Ayub Khan and the Movement for Restoration of Democracy on 8th February 1981. This paper enunciates and explores the politics of coalition in Pakistan before the dismemberment of Bangladesh and its impacts on the consequent events.

Keywords: Coalition; Dictatorship; Pluralism; Parliamentary democracy; Alliance; Politics. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: R00 Z0 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
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DOI: 10.31703/gpr.2019(IV-IV).03

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