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The Role of Global Powers in the Prolongation of the Syrian Conflict

Saima Gul, Muhammad Tayyab and Arif Khan
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Saima Gul: Lecturer,Department of International Relations,University of Peshawar, KP, Pakistan.
Muhammad Tayyab: Research Scholar, National Defence University Islamabad, Islamabad, Pakistan.
Arif Khan: Assistant Professor,Department of Political Science,University of Buner, Swari, KP, Pakistan.

Global Political Review, 2020, vol. 5, issue 1, 29-35

Abstract: Since the peoples uprising in 2011 against the authoritarian regime of Bashar Al Assad and its oppressive policies, Syria is entangled in a long spiral of violent conflict. Though several factors explain the violent nature of the conflict and its longevity. However, the geopolitical interests of the regional and global powers like Saudi Arabia vs. Iran and the US vs. Russia respectively, in this country has been the main determinant of this war. The intervention of the US and Russia in this war for their vested geopolitical interests has brought havoc and disaster to the country. By supporting opposite parties both these states have, instead of creating peace, prolonged the conflict for almost a decade. This paper tries to analyze the role of the global powers in the Syrian civil war, through the Power Transition Theory. No prospects of peace are visible in the near future as long as they try to balance one anothers power or unless there emerges a clear dominant power.

Keywords: Power Transition Theory; Arab Spring; Middle East; Civil War. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: R00 Z0 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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DOI: 10.31703/gpr.2020(V-I).04

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