THE IMPACT OF TECHNOLOGIES OF THE INDUSTRY 4.0 ON INCREASE OF PRODUCTIVITY AND TRANSFORMATION OF INNOVATIVE BEHAVIOR OF THE INDUSTRIAL COMPANIES
A. V. Trachuk () and
N. V. Linder ()
Strategic decisions and risk management, 2020
Paper is devoted to interrelation research between investments in technology of the fourth industrial revolution, patterns of innovative behavior and productivity of the Russian industrial companies. Research is conducted on the basis of data of 576 industrial companies (874 respondents).At the first investigation phase it is confirmed that technologies of the industry have the greatest impact on increase of productivity and transformation of industrial production 4.0: robotics, Internet of things, additive production, big data and analytics, cybersecurity. Besides, effects of introduction of technologies of the fourth industrial revolution are defined: financial, valuable, operational, innovative and technological development.At the second investigation phase the interrelation analysis between investments is carried out to technologies of the industry 4.0, patterns of innovative behavior and productivity of the industrial companies with use of the modified CDM model. The received empirical results have shown that investments of the industrial companies in technology of the fourth industrial revolution increase productivity with elasticity 0,28 for high-tech industries; 0,21 â€“ for the middle-technology, and 0,14 â€“ for low-technology.Investments in innovative activity have elasticity range from 0,04 (for low volumes of investments in new technologies) to 0,17 (at the high volumes of investments); the relations between investments in an innovation and growth of productivity aren't linear and have stable positive relation only after a certain critical mass of investments in new technologies is reached. Considerable influence on interrelation of investments in innovations and productivity is rendered by the characteristic of branch in which the company works: the firms working in high-tech industries, not only put in new technologies, innovative activity more, but also have more high efficiency caused by scientific researches and development; the companies of low-technology branches have negative elasticity of investments in innovations and productivity that is connected with influence of effect of unprofitability of investments into innovations (appropriability effect), that is the additional profit on investment isn't essential.
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