NATIONAL INNOVATION SYSTEMS OF BRICS COUNTRIES: GENERAL FEATURES AND PROSPECTS OF COOPERATION
A. V. Govorova ()
International Trade and Trade Policy, 2018
Nowadays Russia is an active participant in international associations, both formal and informal (e. g. BRICS). At first glance, the BRICS is a group of countries that are not related either geographically or ideologically. However, long-term cooperation between the countries proves the opposite: new initiatives are being created, joint work is developing not only on economic, but also research and innovation projects. In this article there is the analysis about the existing features of the national innovation systems (NIS) of countries and highlights their distinguishing features, for example, the importance of national academies of Sciences in the framework of the NIS, as well as the need for their consideration as additional subjects of NIS. AtÂ theÂ first stageÂ ofÂ the study,Â theÂ positionsÂ ofÂ the five BRICS countries inÂ the leading international rankings of innovation activity are analyzed. At the second stage-the analysis of the operating environment (Data Environment Analysis, DEA), which allows to estimate the ratio of costs and results of innovation. According to the results of the analysis, it is suggested which of the BRICS countries can become a potential leader in further innovative cooperation between the countries.
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:acl:journl:y:2018:id:256
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