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Modèles d'équilibre général dynamiques en concurrence imparfaite

Julio Rotemberg and Michael Woodford ()

Annals of Economics and Statistics, 1995, issue 37-38, 357-410

Abstract: This paper discusses the consequences of introducing imperfectly competitive product markets in an otherwise standard neoclassical growth model. We pay particular attention to the consequences of imperfect competition for the explanation of fluctuations in aggregate economic activity. Market structures considered include monopolistic competition, the "customer market" model of Phelps and Winter, and the implicit collusion model of Rotemberg and Saloner. Empirical evidence relevant to the numerical calibration of imperfectly competitive models is reviewed. The paper then analyzes the effects of imperfect competition upon the economy's response to several kinds of real shocks, including technology shocks, shocks to the level of government purchases, and shocks that change individual producers' degree of market power. It also discusses the role of imperfect competition in allowing for fluctuations due solely to self-fulfilling expectations.

Date: 1995
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