Economic Growth, Energy and Environmental Degradation Nexus: A Case Study in Pakistan
Muhammad Azam and
Journal of Economic Impact, 2020, vol. 2, issue 1, 13-23
This study estimated the growth, energy and environmental degradation nexus in Pakistan by using time series data. The data have been taken from the World Bank for the year 1971 to 2011. The data analysis was done by using the approach of co-integration (ARDL bound test) to confirm the effective long-term positive relationship among carbon dioxide emissions, per capita income growth and the per capita income gap to monitor the trend of the Environmental Kuznets Curve in Pakistan. The results of the study showed that there is no evidence of a serial correlation between the variables in the discussion, but they have a long-term association. Energy usage and per capita real income, has a positive relationship with CO2 emissions. The study has concluded that there is an evidence of inverted U shaped EKC in Pakistan and this relationship varies with different types of pollutants and geographical regions. Initially, income has a positive relationship with CO2 emission but after the turning point, both have a negative relationship.
Keywords: Environmental Kuznets Curve; CO2 emission; environmental degradation; Pakistan (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E01 Q54 Q58 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:adx:journl:v:2:y:2020:i:1:p:13-23
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