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Intentions to Urban Migration among Youth: A Case of District Khushab of Pakistan

Ifat Urooj, Iqbal Javed and Shahbaz Ahmad

Journal of Economic Impact, 2020, vol. 2, issue 1, 24-36

Abstract: The role of migrants on economic downfall in the case of developing countries has been recognized by the researchers and the policymakers. As it becomes difficult for the policymakers and the local government to manage and organize economic activities with the new arrival of migrants from rural to urban areas. The problem of congestion, health and residence issues, are also caused by migration. So this study investigates the impact of socio-economic and demographic indicators on migration intention among the youth of district Khushab. The results obtained from this study show that there are some economic and non-economic pull and push factors that aspire the young generation to migrate from rural to urban and urban to urban areas. Positive association of migration intention with income, assets, age, and education, already migrated members of households and already migrated friends or relatives have been observed. While there is a negative association of land, satisfaction from education facilities, satisfaction from job facilities, satisfaction from transport facilities with migration intentions. Marital status shows that a married person is less likely to migrate due to family obligations. Due to underlying problems caused by migration the study suggested that equal distribution of resources should be materialized. Special attention should be given on the provision of health, education, job, and transportation facilities in rural areas to alter migration intention among youth.

Keywords: Migration intention; pull factors; push factors; socio-economic; developing countries; congestion; Pakistan (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I14 I18 I24 J21 J28 J61 R23 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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Handle: RePEc:adx:journl:v:2:y:2020:i:1:p:24-36