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From Stagnation to Sustained Growth: The Role of Female Empowerment

Claude Diebolt () and Faustine Perrin ()

American Economic Review, 2013, vol. 103, issue 3, 545-49

Abstract: This paper explores the role of gender equality over a long-run economic and demographic development path of industrialized countries. Our unified cliometric growth model of female empowerment suggests that changes in gender relations are a key ingredient of economic development. The economy evolves from a Malthusian regime--with slow technological progress, low income and low fertility--to a Modern Growth regime, with high living standards and low fertility. The rise in technological progress, together with improvements in gender equality, generates a positive feedback loop that engages the process of human capital accumulation (economic transition) and triggers the demographic transition.

JEL-codes: E23 E32 J13 J16 N30 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2013
Note: DOI: 10.1257/aer.103.3.545
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