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Moving Up the Energy Ladder: The Effect of an Increase in Economic Well-Being on the Fuel Consumption Choices of the Poor in India

Rema Hanna and Paulina Oliva ()

American Economic Review, 2015, vol. 105, issue 5, 242-46

Abstract: Rising household wealth may potentially impact both total fuel consumption and fuel-type composition, resulting in significant health and environmental implications. Using data from a field experiment in India, we explore the effects of a transfer program that provided poor, rural households with greater levels of assets and cash. Total fuel consumption rose as a result of the transfers. Households shifted from using electricity rather than kerosene as their primary form of light, but total kerosene consumption also rose. In contrast, we did not observe a shift to cleaner cooking fuels.

JEL-codes: D12 H23 I12 I31 O12 O13 Q48 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2015
Note: DOI: 10.1257/aer.p20151097
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