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Capital Flows: Expansionary or Contractionary?

Olivier Blanchard (), Jonathan Ostry (), Atish Ghosh () and Marcos Chamon ()

American Economic Review, 2016, vol. 106, issue 5, 565-69

Abstract: The workhorse open-economy macro model suggests that capital inflows are contractionary because they appreciate the currency and reduce net exports. Emerging market policy makers, however, believe that inflows lead to credit booms and rising output; the evidence appears to go their way. To reconcile theory and reality, we extend the set of assets in the Mundell-Fleming model to include both bonds and non-bonds. At a given policy rate, inflows may decrease the rate on non-bonds, stimulating financial intermediation and, potentially, output as well. We explore the implications, and find support for the key predictions in the data.

JEL-codes: E43 E44 E52 F31 F32 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2016
Note: DOI: 10.1257/aer.p20161012
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