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Who Will Fight? The All-Volunteer Army after 9/11

Susan Payne Carter, Alexander A. Smith and Carl Wojtaszek

American Economic Review, 2017, vol. 107, issue 5, 415-19

Abstract: Who fought the War on Terror? We find that as the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan progressed, there was an increase in the fraction of active-duty Army enlistees who were white or from high-income neighborhoods and that these two groups selected combat occupations more often. Among men, we find an increase in deployment and combat injuries for white and Hispanic soldiers relative to black soldiers and for soldiers from high-income neighborhoods relative to those from low-income neighborhoods. This finding suggests that an all-volunteer force does not compel a disproportionate number of non-white and low socio-economic men to fight America's wars.

JEL-codes: H56 J15 J45 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
Note: DOI: 10.1257/aer.p20171082
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