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Do Parents Value School Effectiveness?

Atila Abdulkadiroğlu, Parag A. Pathak, Jonathan Schellenberg and Christopher Walters

American Economic Review, 2020, vol. 110, issue 5, 1502-39

Abstract: School choice may lead to improvements in school productivity if parents' choices reward effective schools and punish ineffective ones. This mechanism requires parents to choose schools based on causal effectiveness rather than peer characteristics. We study relationships among parent preferences, peer quality, and causal effects on outcomes for applicants to New York City's centralized high school assignment mechanism. We use applicants' rank-ordered choice lists to measure preferences and to construct selection-corrected estimates of treatment effects on test scores, high school graduation, college attendance, and college quality. Parents prefer schools that enroll high-achieving peers, and these schools generate larger improvements in short- and long-run student outcomes. Preferences are unrelated to school effectiveness and academic match quality after controlling for peer quality.

JEL-codes: D12 H75 I21 I26 I28 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
References: Add references at CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (19) Track citations by RSS feed

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DOI: 10.1257/aer.20172040

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