EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Measuring Racial Discrimination in Bail Decisions

David Arnold, Will Dobbie and Peter Hull ()

American Economic Review, 2022, vol. 112, issue 9, 2992-3038

Abstract: We develop new quasi-experimental tools to measure disparate impact, regardless of its source, in the context of bail decisions. We show that omitted variables bias in pretrial release rate comparisons can be purged by using the quasi-random assignment of judges to estimate average pretrial misconduct risk by race. We find that two-thirds of the release rate disparity between White and Black defendants in New York City is due to the disparate impact of release decisions. We then develop a hierarchical marginal treatment effect model to study the drivers of disparate impact, finding evidence of both racial bias and statistical discrimination.

JEL-codes: J15 K42 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2022
References: View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (1) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
https://www.aeaweb.org/doi/10.1257/aer.20201653 (application/pdf)
https://doi.org/10.3886/E167081V1 (text/html)
https://www.aeaweb.org/doi/10.1257/aer.20201653.appx (application/pdf)
https://www.aeaweb.org/doi/10.1257/aer.20201653.ds (application/zip)
Access to full text is restricted to AEA members and institutional subscribers.

Related works:
Working Paper: Measuring Racial Discrimination in Bail Decisions (2020) Downloads
Working Paper: Measuring Racial Discrimination in Bail Decisions (2020) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:aea:aecrev:v:112:y:2022:i:9:p:2992-3038

Ordering information: This journal article can be ordered from
https://www.aeaweb.org/journals/subscriptions

DOI: 10.1257/aer.20201653

Access Statistics for this article

American Economic Review is currently edited by Esther Duflo

More articles in American Economic Review from American Economic Association Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Michael P. Albert ().

 
Page updated 2023-01-20
Handle: RePEc:aea:aecrev:v:112:y:2022:i:9:p:2992-3038