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Determining the Impact of Federal Antidiscrimination Policy on the Economic Status of Blacks: A Study of South Carolina

James Heckman and Brook S Payner

American Economic Review, 1989, vol. 79, issue 1, 138-77

Abstract: This paper evaluates alternative explanations for the dramatic increase in black employment in South Carolina manufacturing that occurred in the mid-1960s. Black progress in traditionally segregated sectors of manufacturing in operation at the time Jim Crow laws were passed cannot be attributed to tight labor markets, the decline of agriculture, or the growth of education of the black workforce. The only plausible explanation is federal government civil rights and affirmative action policy. For newer industries that entered the state on a large scale after World War II, the growth of skills among blacks accounts for black economic progress. Copyright 1989 by American Economic Association.

Date: 1989
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