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Population Size Effects in the Structural Development of England

Oksana Leukhina () and Stephen J Turnovsky ()

American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics, 2016, vol. 8, issue 3, 195-229

Abstract: The English structural transformation from farming to manufacturing was accompanied by rapid technological change, expansion of trade, and massive population growth. While the roles of technology and trade in this process have been investigated, the literature has largely ignored the role of population growth. We examine population size effects on various aspects of structural development, characterizing their explicit dependence on preference-side and production-side characteristics of the economy, and trade. Our quantitative analysis of the English transformation assigns a major role to population growth, with especially notable contributions to post-1750 rise in the manufacturing employment share and the relative price dynamics.

JEL-codes: J11 N13 N33 N53 N63 O33 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2016
Note: DOI: 10.1257/mac.20140032
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Handle: RePEc:aea:aejmac:v:8:y:2016:i:3:p:195-229