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The Resilience of the Euro

Philip R. Lane

Journal of Economic Perspectives, 2021, vol. 35, issue 2, 3-22

Abstract: Over 2014–2019, the euro area charted a substantial post-crisis economic recovery while also reducing macro-financial vulnerabilities. The array of post-crisis institutional reforms has improved the capacity of the euro area to withstand adverse shocks, even if the narrowing of imbalances also came at a high cost (especially in the most indebted member countries). The pandemic has provided a new test: the combination of a common central bank and the enlargement of the common fiscal capacity has provided substantial policy support and fostered a narrowing in risk premia, despite significant differences in levels of public debt and exposures to the pandemic shock. While the resilience of the euro is sure to be tested further in the coming years, the extent of the underlying political backing for the common currency should not be underestimated.

JEL-codes: E32 E44 E52 E58 F33 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
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DOI: 10.1257/jep.35.2.3

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