Estimating the International GNP-Energy Relation: A Further Note
Terry G. Seaks and
Donna P. Vines
The Energy Journal, 1990, vol. Volume 11, issue Number 1, 167-174
Energy enhances the productivity of capital, labor, and other factors of production, and generally promotes higher living standards. International cross-sectional studies of aggregate output per capita are often hampered by the absence of qualitatively comparable capital and labor services. And numerical measures of cross-country differences in technology are notoriously scarce, primarily because technological differences (at a macro level) are a pretty vague concept. Thus, it is often desirable to draw a simple relationship between broad international aggregates such as GNP and energy per capita.
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