Liberalizing the Dutch Electricity Market: 1998-2004
Eric van Damme
The Energy Journal, 2005, vol. Volume 26, issue Special Issue, 155-180
We describe the evolution of the structure of the Dutch electricity market since the E-Act 1998 that implemented the first EU Electricity Directive. The initial idea of the government was to combine liberalization in supply with concentration in generation, with the attempt to create a national champion that could compete on the European market. As the producers could not agree, the attempt failed and competition could develop. The production side now is less concentrated than in several other EU countries and the competition authority has played an active role in keeping it that way, among others by means of its intelligent analysis of the Nuon-Reliant merger, in which a VPP auction was proposed as a remedy. In contrast, regulation of the network business cannot be considered a success as bad drafting of the law prevented effective incentive regulation. Finally, the liberalization of the retail market for green energy, in effect since July 2001, has shown that retail competition may not yield many consumer benefits.
JEL-codes: F0 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
References: Add references at CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (7) Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
Access to full text is restricted to IAEE members and subscribers.
Working Paper: Liberalising the Dutch Electricity Market: 1998-2004 (2005)
Working Paper: Liberalizing the Dutch Electricity Market: 1998-2004 (2005)
Working Paper: Liberalizing the Dutch electricity market: 1998-2004 (2005)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:aen:journl:2005se-a07
Ordering information: This journal article can be ordered from
Access Statistics for this article
More articles in The Energy Journal from International Association for Energy Economics Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by David Williams ().