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REGIONAL FACTORS HINDERING TUBERCULOSIS SPREAD IN ROMANIA. EVIDENCE FROM A SEMIPARAMETRIC GWR MODEL

Zizi Goschin () and Elena Druica

Journal of Social and Economic Statistics, 2017, vol. 6, issue 1, 16-29

Abstract: While hastily celebrating the downwards trend in the emergence of new tuberculosis (TB) cases, most researchers overlooked not only several unsolved medical problems, but also the high local inequalities and diverging territorial trends of this disease in Romania. Our paper fills this gap in the literature by analysing how specific local factors impact on TB incidence, with a focus on healthcare infrastructure, captured through a custom made composite index. Aiming to address properly the spatial dimension of the phenomenon, we used a semiparametric (mixed) geographically weighed regression (GWR) model, which is especially valuable in this context as it brings additional information regarding the variation of factors across the country. The results confirm the importance of healthcare endowment in countering the spread of TB and enable a better understanding of the specific influence of local characteristics.

Keywords: geographically weighed regression; tuberculosis; healthcare; Romania (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I14 R15 R23 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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