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Járulékrendszer átalakulása és hatása a mezőgazdasági tevékenységet folytató gazdálkodókra

Aranka Baranyi, Andrea Gáspár and Zsuzsanna Széles

Acta Agronomica Ovariensis, 2010, vol. Volume 52, issue Number 2

Abstract: Our research aims, to explore how the transformation of the agricultural activity was characterized by practitioners, particularly with regard to individual farmers, form 1997 to the licensed traditional small-scale producer health and pension payment rules. Regulations from 2007, 2008 and 2009 mean extra charges for the licensed traditional small-scale producer, those who could not become insured true other legal relationships, have become now insured and they can claim certain benefits. Thereby, they do not ”hang out” from the contribution system and they can take contribution payment services with defined payment of contributions. Indeed, that licensed traditional small-scale producer, who has still not become insured and not even true any other legal title has to pay has to pay health service contributions, which amount was 4,500 forints per month in 2009 and currently is 4,950 forints. This will only be valid with the approval of the state tax authority. The basic problem still exists, it is good if the low profitability makes it possible to pay the contribution according to the current minimum wage but still despite having the required period of service the pension will not reach 40,000 forints in 2027. The data show, that it is impossible to indicate how many out of the 900,000 licensed traditional small-scale producer run a certain scale agricultural activity that they can make their living and take care of themselves in their elderly ages. We can much butter evaluate the situation if we examine it from the contribution payment side. The reported and insured number of licensed traditional small-scale producer was only 48,000 people in 2007, and two-third of them pay contribution according to special rule and only one-third of the payment will be paid based on the minimum wage. They have to strongly call attention of the traditional small-scale producers on the need for self-care. It should be pointed to the fact, who only pays the minimum contribution, will become vulnerable during the old age period. In previous years, contribution cost which was paid by producers was decreased, but this decreased the amount of self-provision which could be sent in the old age. We should solve the problem of supplementary payments, which would supplement the previous periods’ low-paid contributions. It is already in practice at the pensioner producers, that those who reach the retirement age and have low pensions, offer their land to the National Land Fund for additional perpetuity. The question is, how will the multi- generational family farm continue if they will miss 10 to 20 hectares for their living.

Keywords: Agricultural Finance; Consumer/Household Economics; Financial Economics (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2010
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DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.316225

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