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Knowledge of the behavioral risk factors of the family members of the patients with non-communicable diseases in Bangladesh

Abu Ansar Md Rizwan, Salina Canadi, Sujit Kumar Banik, Zubaida Iftekhar, Md. Hafizul Islam, Md. Ebrahim Khalil, Gayettri Rani and Abeer Mohammad Hossain
Additional contact information
Abu Ansar Md Rizwan: W A N Research & Consultancy, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Salina Canadi: Department of Physical Education, Uttara University, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Sujit Kumar Banik: Society for Health Extension and Development, Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh.
Zubaida Iftekhar: Symbiotic Infotech BD Ltd., Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Md. Hafizul Islam: Society for Health Extension and Development, Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh.
Md. Ebrahim Khalil: Society for Health Extension and Development, Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh.
Gayettri Rani: Department of Public Health, Daffodil International University, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Abeer Mohammad Hossain: Department of Public Health, Daffodil International University, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Journal of Scientific Reports, 2023, vol. 5, issue 1, 61-68

Abstract: Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are a major health issue in Bangladesh, accounting for 67% of all deaths. Despite the known influence of behavioral risk factors such as diet and exercise, little is known about awareness levels among family members of NCD patients, who are at higher risk due to shared genetic and environmental factors. This cross-sectional study investigated the knowledge and awareness of behavioral risk factors among 318 adult family members accompanying NCD patients in specialized hospitals in Dhaka City. Data were collected using semi-structured interviews in Bengali, with questions focusing on knowledge about physical exercise, balanced diet, cholesterol, obesity, and NCD prevention. The study showed a gender disparity, with 62.8% male and 37.2% female respondents. Education levels varied widely, and most were employed in the service sector. Knowledge about regular physical exercise was high (84.3%), but awareness about cholesterol and obesity was less prevalent. Regarding NCD prevention, a balanced diet and regular exercise were the most cited methods. Knowledge levels were categorized as poor (16.0%), satisfactory (38.4%), and good (45.6%), with significant associations found between knowledge levels and socio-demographic factors like sex, education, and occupation. The study provides critical insights into awareness levels among a high-risk population, which is vital for developing targeted public health interventions. It also emphasizes the need for health education programs to bridge knowledge gaps and promote healthier behaviors to mitigate NCD risk.

Keywords: Knowledge; behavioural risk factors; family members; non-communicable diseases; Bangladesh. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2023
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