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Species composition of Home gardens and Food security in Maluku, Kinshasa

Joryme Mwira Kahambu, Emile Kamwimba Zola and David Nsiku Nsimba
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Joryme Mwira Kahambu: Institut Supérieur Agro-Véteriniare S.P. Canisius (ISAV), Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo (DR Congo).
Emile Kamwimba Zola: Department of Agricultural Economics, Université Pédagogique Nationale (UPN), Kinshasa, DR Congo ; Institut Supérieur Pédagogique / Kahemba (ISP/K), Kahemba, DR Congo.
David Nsiku Nsimba: Department of Phytotechnics, Université Pédagogique Nationale (UPN), Kinshasa, DR Congo.

Journal of Scientific Reports, 2024, vol. 6, issue 1, 36-45

Abstract: This study aimed to assess the species composition of home gardens and their contribution to farmers' food security. Through a questionnaire-based survey in Maluku, Kinshasa, it was determined that the primary use of home garden products is household consumption. Most respondents indicated that home gardens significantly contribute to the households' food security. The chi-square test result indicated that only the livestock variable was statistically significant. The species composition presented a diversity of species that we categorized into three components: crops, trees, and livestock. The most commonly cropped species are Manihot glaziovii, Ipomoea batata, Saccharum officinarum, and various species with the Musa genus. The most planted are Manguifera indica, Persea americana, and Elaeis guineensis. Regarding livestock, the most reared are Gallus gallus and Anas platyrhynchos. The choice of these particular species depicts the diet and cultural values of farmers. The study shows the critical role of home gardens in supporting households’ food security, hence combating hunger and malnutrition using a sustainable agricultural practice.

Keywords: Home garden; species composition; food security; diet; Maluku (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2024
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