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Understanding Emigration Propensity of Romanian Teachers. Does Ethnicity Play a Role?

Zizi Goschin (), Angel-Alex Hăisan () and Mihai Avornicului ()
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Angel-Alex Hăisan: “1 December 1918” University, Faculty of Law and Social Sciences, Alba Iulia, Romania
Mihai Avornicului: Babes-Bolyai University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Department of Economics and Business Administration in Hungarian Language, Cluj-Napoca, Romania

Acta Oeconomica, 2017, vol. 67, issue 2, 173-193

Abstract: Mass migration was, is, and will always be an important topic of discussion regardless of whether it is economically, socially, or politically motivated. This is certainly a matter of great concern for Romania, currently Europe’s largest sender of migrants to Western Europe. Considering that the educational system should be of the uttermost priority, we addressed the issue of emigration propensity among Romanian teachers making use of data from our own nationwide survey. Bivariate logistic models were employed to identify the main factors behind the emigration decisions of pre-university teachers. Aiming to enrich the narrow economic perspective, we adopted a novelty approach by focusing on an overlooked determinant in emigration research studies, namely ethnicity in relation to nationality. Among Romania’s minorities, Hungarians are the most important ethnic group, accounting for 6.1% of the population, hence we explored their migration behaviour compared to Romanian ethnics. The results from the logistic regression models indicate signifi cant differences regarding the factors that trigger the intention to initiate the emigration process for our subjects, based on their ethnicity. We found that teachers of Hungarian ethnicity display 50.6% less propensity to emigrate compared to the ones of Romanian ethnicity and we were able to shape distinct emigration profi les for the two groups.

Keywords: emigration; teachers; ethnicity; logistic model; Romania (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I21 J24 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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