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The Ceecs in Global Value Chains: The Role of Germany

Łukasz Ambroziak ()
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Łukasz Ambroziak: Institute of Agriculture and Food Economics – National Research Institute, Warsaw, Poland

Acta Oeconomica, 2018, vol. 68, issue 1, 1-29

Abstract: This paper aims to present the role of Germany in the global value chains (GVCs) of 10 Central and Eastern European countries (CEECs) in 1995–2011. GVCs, being a result of the fragmentation of production processes, have changed the nature of economic globalisation. The study covers five Central European countries (CECs) (the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia), the three Baltic States (Estonia, Lithuania and Latvia) as well as Bulgaria and Romania. Germany is chosen because it is the main trading partner of the majority of the CEECs. The illustration of the position of Germany in GVCs of the CEECs is based on trade statistics in value added terms. The research results show that Germany has become an engine of increasing integration of the CECs in the GVCs. The role of Germany as a supplier of inputs to the CECs’ exports (backward linkages) is larger than its role as an exporter of value added originating from the CECs (forward linkages).

Keywords: trade in value added; value added in trade; global value chains (GVCs); Central and Eastern European countries (CEECs) (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F14 F62 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
Note: This article is a result of the research project carried out in the Warsaw School of Economics and financed by the National Science Centre, grant: DEC-2014/13/D/HS4/01426.
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