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Credit, Capital Flows and Monetary Policy: A Post-Keynesian Analysis

Nazim Kadri Ekinci ()
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Nazim Kadri Ekinci: Department of Economics and Finance, University of Kurdistan Hewler

World Journal of Applied Economics, 2018, vol. 4, issue 2, 55-74

Abstract: The credit channel literature implicitly relies on the fact that capital spending depends on financing and that credit is the main form of financing. The mainstream model tries to avoid this implication by recourse to artificial concepts and variables such as the "external finance" premium. We, by contrast, explicitly model capital expenditures as a function of the credit volume along with other relevant variables. This formulation has roots in the Post-Keynesian logico-temporal ordering of finance, production and the realisation of income. The inclusion of credit in expenditure functions result in a simple income determination model making the roles of credit and monetary policy transparent. A financial block is added to the model to determine the interest rates and credit aggregates. Principles of consistent macro modelling on Post-Keynesian principles are carefully delineated. In particular, the principle of Keynesian dichotomy and the necessity of an appropriate lead-lag structure in simultaneous equation models compatible with the Keynesian logico-temporal ordering is stressed. An example demonstrates the model's ability in generating a reasonable account of possible outcomes in response to an exogenous shock.

Keywords: Credit Channel; Capital In ows; Monetary Policy; Post-Keynesian Modelling (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E12 E52 F32 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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