Medicinal plants of Farashband tribe's winter pastures and their traditional uses
Seyed Hassan Zali and
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Seyed Hassan Zali: Sari Agricultural Sciences & Natural Resources University–Sari, Iran
Rahbar Tahmasb: Sari Agricultural Sciences & Natural Resources University–Sari, Iran
Journal of Advances in Health and Medical Sciences, 2016, vol. 2, issue 1, 18-27
Medicinal plants are a large group of plants that are used to prevent and or treat of human and animal diseases. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that 80 percent of the population of some Asian and African countries presently uses herbal medicine for some aspect of primary health care. Since migrating nomads have more connection with nature and on many days of the year they are far from the cities, therefore they take medicinal plants more than other people. By several trips to study areas a total of 134 plant species distributed in 97 genera and 37 families were collected and identified. Based on the exhaustive interviews with indigenous people and medicinal plants references the medicinal plants of these plants were listed. Investigations were resulted that 67 species of these plants have medicinal uses. These medicinal species belongs to 31 families. Asteraceae with 11 species, Chenopodiaceae with 7 species and Lamiaceae with 6 species are the most important medicinal plants families. The major life forms of the medicinal plants in this area were annual herbs followed by perennial trees and shrubs with a proportion 34.32% and 26.86% respectively. 17.91% of the species are perennial herbs, 14.92% of the species are perennial bushes and 5.97% of species are annual bushes. Our results showed leaf and flower have the most traditional uses on Farashband tribe with a proportion 62.69% and 34.33% respectively.
Keywords: Medicinal plants; Farashband tribe; Traditional uses; Asteraceae; Chenopodiaceae (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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